Robert´s NOW. Notes On Wildlife
Dogwood in the organic orchard
Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) is a small tree that can reach 4-6 meters high, belonging to the family of Cornaceae native to Europe and Asia. It is a deciduous tree. Its leaves are opposite, dark green. It is relatively late flowering, blooming in June. It has white flowers grouped in small clusters.
The flowers are visited by numerous insects in search of pollen and nectar.
Hoverflies flock to the flowers for pollen. It remembers that hoverflies are important pollinators of our fruit trees. Besides the larvae of some species feed on aphids.
Towards the end of August, you can see its fruits, small and black, rounded shape and a unique and “large” seed. Many birds eat these berries.
Surprisingly, many of these birds are reputed insectivorous, hunting many enemies of our vegetables, as larvae of butterflies and moths, wire worms, etc.
Hidden in a cache we could get these photographs and also we have observed that these insectivorous birds alternate between prey and small breaks to ingest dogwood berries. Later investigating the behavior of these birds have known that the pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca) approaches the high fat content of these berries to regain strength in their migratory journey to Africa.
The seed of the fruit of the dogwood is very large when compared with the fleshy part.
Its wood is very hard and tough, appreciated in gardening. In our garden we use to make handles for tools and guardians for vegetables (peppers, tomatoes …).
Thanks to the reddish color of its young branches is worth having in mind to create flower beds and hedges in our orchard.
This tree needs soil loose and fresh. They can reproduce by seed but also occurs with great ease of root shoots, which can cut and remove to make new copies of very simple and effective way.
Visit us to do birding and insecting!
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