Cat predation is wreaking havoc on wildlife, especially in urban areas. But an open-air safe haven for domestic cats and a collar that warns birds could be the purr-fect solution.
I’ve written in the past, on Nature in Mind, about the threat to wildlife from domestic cats and about owners’ reluctance to accept their cat might be involved. While exact prey numbers are difficult to determine, camera traps show that small mammal and bird populations are at risk in areas with high density cat populations. If we want to preserve biodiversity, local government and cat owners can’t ignore the predation problem.
There are a number of options that benefit domestic cats, as well as wildlife.
Cat curfew reduces predation opportunity
The best way to keep wildlife safe from predation is to keep cats indoors from one hour before dusk to one hour after dawn when birds are most vulnerable, as well as during the breeding season when chicks and fledglings are easy prey. Birds are also more at risk in winter when food is scarce and birds spend more time foraging out in the open.
Keeping cats indoors protects cats too. Free-roaming domestic cats are at risk of disease, as well as injury and death from cat fights, animal abusers, traffic accidents, and poisonous plants and pesticides. In the U.S, research shows cats are also killed by coyotes.
Catios: where cool cats hang out
For owners who want to let their cat outdoors, more cats are enjoying spaces that keep them safe and give them freedom, without affecting people’s freedom to enjoy wildlife.
Alternatively, a catio can be a section of garden enclosed by a cat-proof fence. To cat-proof existing fences or to build a cat-proof fence, Purrfect Fence systems in the US, or Protectapet in the UK have options. An investment in keeping your cat safe could also save you money on vet fees.
Jazzy collar looks stylish and warns songbirds
If a catio isn’t practical, Nancy Brennan’s invention makes roaming cats highly visible to birds. The Birdsbesafe cover slips over a quick release collar and the brightly-coloured patterned fabric is visible to songbirds, even in low light.
St. Lawrence University’s study, published in the Global Ecology and Conservation journal, tested the effectiveness of the Birdsbesafe collar in reducing bird and mammal deaths from predation.
Led by avian ecologist and cat owner Dr Susan Willson, the study involved domestic cats in New York. Cats were tested wearing the collar in the autumn and the following spring. Although the study sample was small, the results suggest the collar is highly effective in decreasing predation on birds, especially in spring.
Cat owner apathy puts wildlife at risk
Disappointingly, cat owner response didn’t match the promising results of the study, says The Audubon Society. Only 19 of 54 owners who participated in the autumn took part again in spring. Over 80 percent of owners in the study said they wouldn’t use the collar again due to personal taste and their perception of their cat’s discomfort.
Researchers report that while cat ownership is high, 45.7 million Americans also enjoy watching birds, which they encourage into gardens with birdfeeders. But in trying to feed birds, they make them easy targets. If one percent of domestic cats in the US wore the collar, around 1.7 million birds might be saved in the spring, says Willson.
Just think how many birds could be saved worldwide with more cool cats wearing trend-setting collars!
Cats readily accept collars
For owners who question whether their cat would wear a collar, research shows cats will accept a collar more readily than owners expect, with almost three out of four cats in the study wearing a collar for a six-month duration. We must be careful not to project our feelings onto our cat – cats aren’t going to feel self-conscious wearing a jazzy collar. Identification on the collar could make the difference between a lost cat being returned, or becoming someone else’s pet, a feral cat, or a dead cat.
Local authorities consider cat ownership regulations
Animal Welfare Acts make clear an owner’s legal responsibility for their cat’s welfare, but there’s often no protection for wildlife. Reducing cat predation by regulating cat ownership is a sensitive issue and few governments have been prepared to risk unpopularity.
The UK is lagging behind other countries where local authorities are taking action, prompted by evidence from conservationists.
Birdsbesafe collar covers are due to be tested in New Zealand in a joint project run by Wellington’s Victoria University and Wellington City Council. WCC is also proposing new laws that would require owners to microchip their cats and to keep them indoors between 7pm and 7am. Households would also be limited to no more than three cats. Domestic and feral cats have been killing wildlife in the city, threatening conservation efforts at a city centre eco sanctuary, home to many native species.
Cats can be persuaded to stay home
Cats can easily be trained to spend the night indoors. Cat behavior specialist Lynne O’Malley says it only takes a few weeks if owners are persistent. Offering cats a regular treat to stay indoors in the evenings, playing games to release energy, and providing a safe sleeping spot will help.
In New Zealand’s Southland area, Wildlife Protection Zones are being considered. Pest management includes new rules for cat curfew, microchipping and also desexing, which prevents unplanned litters and reduces a cat’s desire to roam. Most likely the result of domestic cat dumping, feral cat colonies present a significant problem there, as well as in the US, and Australia where a cull is planned.
Australia takes bold action
In Australia, territory governments already implement cat regulations and the public are more aware of their responsibility as cat owners. In Western Australia, for example, cats must be desexed, microchipped, and registered with the local council. Cats found roaming on private property or in a public place are picked up and either re-united with their owner or taken to an animal welfare centre. Microchipping and desexing rates are relatively high in Australia, with 91 percent of cats desexed, and 64 percent of cats microchipped.
If apathy towards wildlife from the majority of cat owners continues, we could see fewer and fewer birds and small mammals in countries where cat numbers are increasing without ownership regulations. But if we give the same care and consideration to wildlife as we do to our pets, we can be wildlife conservationists as well as responsible pet owners.
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